Concrete Testing Equipment
The word concrete comes from the Latin word "concretus" that means compact or condensed; in fact it is well known that since the second century the Romans mixed quicklime with pozzolana to enhance its hydraulic properties.Concrete is a composite construction material made primarily from aggregate, cement, and water in order to obtain a robust stone like material. There are many formulations of concrete that provide various properties. Concrete is the most widely used man-made product in the world as the main building material within architectural structures, foundations, brick/block walls, pavements, bridges/overpasses, motorways/roads, runways, parking structures, dams, pools/reservoirs, pipes, footings for gates, fences, poles and even boats.
The quality of concrete is important in planning earthquake resistant structures that minimize damage, preventing injury and human loss.
Due to this reason, concrete must be closely controlled according to the relevant standards in every stage of production by experienced people using quality test equipment.
Asphalt Testing Equipment
Bituminous materials, a by-product of the oil distillation process, look set to remain as a constituent material of road paving for some considerable time to come, being used to withstand the flexural and compressive stresses caused by traffic hence the main area of usage of bituminous mixtures is in road construction. The title of bituminous mixtures is called Asphalt in USA. Bituminous mixtures consist of essentially two ingredients, aggregate and binder. The major difference between asphalt and concrete is that bitumen and bituminous materials are used as binder in asphalt.Analysis and design tests of bituminous mixtures, bitumen and bituminous binder’s tests, asphalt and road quality tests are provided for engineering firms and construction companies to produce, inspect and evaluate the paving materials to ensure the strength, physical and mechanical performance and durability towards safe application and use. The determination of bitumen properties is a fundamental process to assure the high quality of the components for a Mix Design procedure. Bitumen range has recently become wider thanks to the technical innovation, like polymer modified bitumens and bituminous emulsions, and new parameters are needed to be measured. To investigate the visco-elastic behaviour of bitumen a wide range of test methods is available, measuring the way it is affected by deformation, by temperature, by ageing.
Soil Testing Equipment
LABTEST Soil Testing Equipments are used for understanding and investigating the physical/mechanical properties, critical characteristic behaviors, performance of soil, unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures during compression, shear or inner liquid flow under dynamic and vibrating loading conditions. Soil characteristics are also used for deciding the most suitable method for excavating underground tunnels.
In all sections of civil engineering and particularly in soil mechanics, the engineer during the design stage must ensure that the analysis of soil properties relate directly to the relevant foundation or structure. When highway or railway earthworks, bases, sub bases and dams are constructed and sub grades are prepared, it is necessary to determine the compatibility properties of the material. Every man-made structure needs a foundation that will resist to the exposed forces, such as live loads, dead loads and wind loads. The soil tests provide the engineering firms and construction companies with the ability to predict the mechanical behavior of soils in order to design foundations that ensure resistance to forces likely to act upon it, including any unusual / extreme events such as earthquakes or hurricanes, thus providing a safe environment for people in or around the structures. For several decades, national standards have governed over the production of these binders and have led, in each single producing country, to a high level of diversification.
Cement Testing Equipment
Cement is the binder used to create concrete and mortar. The manufacture of cement requires stringent control and a number of tests are performed in cement plant laboratories to ensure that the cement is of the desired quality that conforms to the requirements of the relevant standards.
The most important use of cement is the production of concrete and mortar, which are the combination of cement and an aggregate to form a strong building material that is durable in the face of normal environmental effects. The current Standards have drawn on the know-how of the various national bodies in order to arrive at a unified Standard. We propose a vast range of machines that satisfy, practically all requirements.
General Testing Equipment
To perform the different tests on all building materials: Aggregates, Cement, Concrete, Soil, Rock, asphalt etc., very often, a vast range of General Laboratory Apparatus is required. This range include important equipment as, for example, ovens, balances, measuring instruments, meteorological equipment, vacuum pumps, air compressors, but also laboratory glassware and hardware as graduated cylinders, porcelain, scoops, containers, plasticware etc. All single items have been selected to suit the requirement of Standards and laboratory technicians.
Aggregate Testing Equipment
Mineral aggregates are fundamental materials that are used in all areas of construction industry such as concrete, mortars, bituminous mixtures, surface treatments for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas, railway ballast, unbound and hydraulic bound mixtures in civil engineering works and road constructions, which comprise our modern world as buildings, highways, dams, railways etc. Thus it is crucial to determine the properties of aggregates according to related EN, ASTM, AASTHO, BS standards.
§ Tests for general properties of aggregates
§ Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates
§ Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates
§ Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates
§ Tests for chemical properties of aggregates
In the majority of cases the EN Standards correspond to other reference Standards as for example
ASTM and AASHTO and, apart from a few exceptions there is almost no difference in the specification
of test apparatus.
Safety & Surveying Equipment
Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection. The hazards addressed by protective equipment include physical, electrical, heat, chemicals, biohazards, and airborne particulate matter.Generally, safety equipment is the protection that is used by workers to avoid injuries, casualties, life threatening situations etc. Different types of safety equipment are used by workers depending upon the nature of risk involved in the work. For example, in a welding operation the dark welding helmets are used as a piece of safety equipment. In construction operations, Rebar Caps, Corner Guards foot gear and coveralls are considered safety equipment.
Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them. A land surveying professional is called a land surveyor. These points are usually on the surface of the Earth, and they are often used to establish land maps and boundaries for ownership, locations like building corners or the surface location of subsurface features, or other purposes required by government or civil law, such as property sales.
Surveyors work with elements of geometry, trigonometry, regression ,analysis, physics, engineering, metrology and the law. They use equipment like Automatic levels, total stations, , GPS receivers, retro reflectors, 3D scanners, radios, digital levels, drones, GIS and surveying software.It is also used in transport, communications, mapping, and the definition of legal boundaries for land ownership. It is an important tool for research in many other scientific disciplines.
Rock Mechanics Testing Equipment
Rock mechanics is the theoretical and applied science about the physical behavior of rock and rock masses as well as their reaction to the force fields of their physical environment. It also deals with the application of the principles of engineering mechanics to the design of the rock structures generated by mining, drilling, reservoir production or civil construction activity, such as slopes, tunnels, dam foundation mining shafts, underground excavations, open pit mines, oil and gas wells, road cuts, waste repositories and other structures built in or made of rock. It also includes the design of reinforcement systems such as rock bolting patterns.Testing of rocks mainly aims to simulate stress conditions that a rock sample is exposed in nature and to get necessary parameters such as stress, strain, elastic modulus, poisons ratio properties to evaluate specimen. When a rock sample is subjected to defined stress conditions in the laboratory, the stress-strain diagram can show non linear relations also for very small strains, hysteresis, anisotropy, etc. All these phenomena can be mathematically described and used for mechanical design simulations.
Measuring instruments, geophysical instruments
Instruments and software for earth sciences
Since 1996 has been the professional point of reference for those working on the territory, and has needed to continuously expand its field of action as a result of new methods of investigation and reliable and complete monitoring solutions. For this reason, we now offer a full range of instruments and software for Geophysics, Geology, Environmental and Geotechnical Monitoring, Non-Destructive Testing and Structural Controls. Our experience and expertise are the result of the on-going development of the company, which has origins far back in time and space: the first Geophysical instruments originated in India in the 1940s, in the great laboratory at the Geophysical Survey in Calcutta, where Applied Geophysics took its first steps thanks to the talent of an Italian, a true pioneer of modern electronics. And it was India that also saw the start of this vocation, which - cultivated year after year - now enables us to meet the needs of the global market, exporting all over the world - with pride and determination - “Made in Italy” products that set us apart. We have always believed that Italian Creativity and Design can converge into a product with a pleasant image: this principle is reflected in the “look” of our instruments, much appreciated also abroad.